Sandy Shaw MPP, Hamilton West–Ancaster–Dundas

Government of Ontario

Algonquin Wolf

Published on February 21, 2021

The Algonquin Wolf is a member of the canine family. The Algonquin Wolf is a result of a long history of hybridization among Eastern Wolf, Grey Wolf and Coyote. The Algonquin Wolf is larger than a Coyote and smaller than a Grey Wolf. Proper identification requires genetic data as it is difficult to visually distinguish due to its similar appearance (coloration and markings) and overlap in size.

The Algonquin Wolf is considered threatened. Which means the species lives in the wild in Ontario, is not endangered, but is likely to become endangered if steps are not taken to address factors threatening it.

The Algonquin Wolf is not restricted to any specific habitat type but typically occurs in deciduous and mixed forest landscapes. It is found to be most prevalent in areas with abundant prey, such as Beaver, White-tailed Deer and Moose along with low levels of human-caused mortality. Den sites are typically found in conifer dominated forests close to a permanent water source. Suitable soil to construct a den, such as sand, is necessary for excavation.

Ontario’s Algonquin Wolf population is estimated to be fewer than 500 mature individuals. A core concentration of Algonquin Wolf can be found in Algonquin Provincial Park and surrounding townships. Algonquin wolves are also found in other areas of central Ontario, including in and around Killarney Provincial Park, Kawartha Highlands Signature Site, and Queen Elizabeth II Wildlands. Populations of Algonquin Wolf outside of Algonquin Park are small and relatively isolated.

The Algonquin Wolf faces a variety of threats including human-caused mortality, such as hunting and trapping, road-related mortality, and residential housing development causing habitat loss.

Read more about the Algonquin Wolf at: 

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